Flip the cards Codechef Solution

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Flip the cards Codechef Solution

Flip the cards Codechef Solution

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Problem

There are N cards on a table, out of which X cards are face-up and the remaining are face-down.

In one operation, we can do the following:

  • Select any one card and flip it (i.e. if it was initially face-up, after the operation, it will be face-down and vice versa)

What is the minimum number of operations we must perform so that all the cards face in the same direction (i.e. either all are face-up or all are face-down)?

Input Format

  • The first line contains a single integer T — the number of test cases. Then the test cases follow.
  • The first and only line of each test case contains two space-separated integers N and X — the total number of cards and the number of cards which are initially face-up.

Output Format

For each test case, output the minimum number of cards you must flip so that all the cards face in the same direction.

Constraints

  • 1 \leq T \leq 5000
  • 2 \leq N \leq 100
  • 0 \leq X \leq N

Sample 1:

Input

Output

4
5 0
4 2
3 3
10 2
0
2
0
2

Explanation:

Test Case 1: All the cards are already facing down. Therefore we do not need to perform any operations.

Test Case 2: 2 cards are facing up and 2 cards are facing down. Therefore we can flip the 2 cards which are initially facing down.

Test Case 3: All the cards are already facing up. Therefore we do not need to perform any operations.

Test Case 4: 2 cards are facing up and 8 cards are facing down. Therefore we can flip the 2 cards which are initially facing up.

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SOLUTION

Flip the cards Codechef Solution

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